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Past Events

4 CPD points HRDF Claimable

Adequate Procedures: The Director’s Response to Individual Liability

Sam Gibbins & Oo Yang Ping

“Corruption is estimated to cost the global economy around US$2.6 trillion per year. The historic focus on corporate punishments and financial penalties is shifting to individual liability, focused on the highest level of accountability within a business – directors.”

T.R.U.S.T, the five guiding principles for ‘adequate procedures’

This PowerTalk will provide an overview of how the changing local legal regime affects not only organisations, but also individual directors of the organisations. As the enforcement date of Section 17A of the Malaysian Anti-Corruption Commission Act 2009 draws closer, many companies are still assessing whether the policies and procedures implemented are sufficiently robust to deal with the ever-changing dynamics of their businesses. With no exact prescription of the ‘adequate procedures’ provided, organisations are tasked to develop their own level of anti-corruption practices and protocols that befit their operations.

T.R.U.S.T, the five guiding principles for ‘adequate procedures’ describe the steps and actions which may be implemented by companies in preventing corruption from happening. As a start, it is necessary to examine the underlying rationale behind these principles to understand what organisations need to do in order to be adequate – by examining the ‘why’ rather than the ‘how’. Ultimately, organisations should ask themselves when situations arise, whether they are able to demonstrate that their compliance policies are more than just tokenistic paper exercise, and that they are actually based on a proper review of the risks and are effective in mitigating corruption risks.

In this programme, we will also look into the current awareness of the ‘adequate procedures’ regime, which will be complemented by an understanding of how the application of a more holistic Governance, Risk and Compliance (GRC) framework can minimise oversight failures and help shift employee mindset. Effectively, a culture to fight corruption should be inculcated with a top-to-bottom approach, starting with the commitment from top leadership through a clearly articulated policy against corruption. It includes an overview of key policy measures a company can take in safeguarding the organisation – around facilitation payments, gifts and entertainment, and conflicts of interest.

Boards must now play a pivotal role in embedding the right culture to steer companies clear of corruption and crises.

Understand the changing nature of regulatory frameworks to minimise corrupt activity

Take a holistic look and overview of the legislative intent and the scope of Section 17A and the T.R.U.S.T principles

Appreciate the local and global Anti-Corruption provisions and international standards

Consideration of an organisational framework to minimise corruption-related risk

Learning Outcomes

  • Identify best practices for compliance programmes and how they would fit in the ‘adequate procedures’ defence, drawing from the guidelines provided by the Malaysian Anti-Corruption Commission, United States Department of Justice and United Kingdom Serious Fraud Office.
  • Review the ‘adequate procedures’ and how these tie into global standards on anti-corruption and the ‘failure to prevent’
  • Review of how we assess cultural patterns of misconduct to prevent corrupt activity which may lead to individual liability.
  • Cognisant of the fight against corruption. Understand why our organisation need to be cognisant of the fight against corruption, and what this means to a Director.
  • Governance, risk and compliance frameworks. Discuss the creation of adequate Governance, Risk and Compliance (GRC) frameworks and oversight to minimise legal and regulatory risk.


1.15pm Registration
2.00pm Context Setting by Michele Kythe Lim, President/CEO of ICDM
2.10pm PowerTalk
ADEQUATE PROCEDURES: The Director’s Response to Individual Liability
By Sam Gibbins & Oo Yang Ping
4.30pm Networking Break
5.00pm Insights Xchange: The Board’s Oversight on Corruption Risk
An ideation session between the panel and audience to exchange insights, challenge opportunities, discuss possibilities and find solutions.
6.00pm End of Event

ICDM reserves the right to amend the programme in the best interest of the event and will not be responsible for cancellations due to unforeseen circumstances.


Governance Plus & Complilearn Pte Ltd, Singapore

Sam is the Founder and CEO of Governance Plus and Complilearn Pte Ltd. He is a leader in the compliance industry, with an extensive background in corporate advisory, consulting, and training across legal and compliance, anti-corruption and bribery, anti-money laundering, financial crime, and soft skills.

Sam helps companies establish strong Governance, Risk and Compliance (GRC) frameworks and programmes by reviewing their existing standards and processes, and offering guidance on areas for further improvement. He works with organisations to develop bespoke GRC materials and content suited to individual client needs for a variety of regional and global businesses.

Deloitte Forensic SEA

Yang Ping leads the Deloitte Forensic practice in Malaysia as well as Forensic Digital Solutions across Southeast Asia. He is a forensic accountant with over 20 years of experience advising clients on assurance, risk and compliance matters, with international experience in the UK, US, Russia, China, India and across Southeast Asia.

His recent projects include investigation into potential supplier kickbacks and undisclosed related party transactions for a large furniture retailer in Malaysia, investigation for a Malaysian listed company related to potential irregularities arising from transactions entered into by their ex-CEO, including undisclosed related party transactions and investigation into inventory sales to unauthorised third parties for a Malaysian recycling company.

He also has significant experience with corporate governance, internal control assessments and process enhancements initiatives, especially with the use of technology platforms and analytics.